Expression of Ability and Disability | Bahasa Inggris Kelas 8

Assalamu’alaikum…
How are you?
Alhamdulillah, kali ini penulis ingin berbagi sedikit ilmu tentang Expression of Ability dan Willingness.
But, Buddy apakah kalian sudah tahu sebelumnya pengertian dari Expression of Ability dan Willingness??
yuuk… langsung saja disimak definisinya dibawah ini.

Expression of Ability  adalah Ekspression yang kita gunakan jika kita ingin mengungkapkan dan menyatakan tentang kemampuan. Sedangkan Expressing Disability adalah ungkapan tentang suatu hal yang menunjukkan ketidakmampuan akan sesuatu hal.

Itulah definisi dari Expression of Ability dan Disability.

So, Buddy dalam KBI ABILITY bisa diartikan sebagai kemampuan dalam bahasa inggris yang dituliskan dalam bentuk modal. yaitu; CAN, BE ABLE TO dan COULD. Ketiga modal tersebut memiliki arti yang sama yaitu dapat, mampu atau bisa. Namun ketiganya memiliki penggunaan yang berbeda-beda loh Buddy. Can, Be able to dan Could ternyata memiliki penggunaan yang berbeda-beda. Masing-masing memiliki porsinya sendiri dalam pembentukan suatu kalimat pada bahasa inggris. Berikut penjelasan masing-masing.bentukan suatu kalimat pada bahasa inggris. Berikut penjelasan masing-masing dibawah ini:

Can
memiliki arti dapat, disini can digunakan pada kalimat present tense atau waktu sekarang dan bukan waktu lampau ataupun masa yang akan datang.

Contoh :

  1. I can go to market and buy vegetable. -> (aku dapat pergi ke pasar dan membeli sesuatu)
  2. You can follow me if you trust me. -> (kamu dapat mengikuti ku jika kamu percaya padaku)
  3. Can you call me after dinner? -> (dapatkah kamu menelepon ku setelah makan malam?)
  4. They can love you but they choose to hate you. -> (mereka dapat menyayangi mu tetapi mereka memilih untuk membenci mu)
  5. She can introduce her boyfriend if father allows her. -> (dia dapat memperkenalkan pacarnya jika ayahnya telah menginzinkan nya)

Be Able
Be able memiliki arti dapat atau mampu. Namun, be able to dapat disandingkan dengan dengan modal lainya seperti (will, would, shall, should) dan lainya.

Present: untuk tobe (is, am,are)+able to

  • She is able to speak English fluently.
  • We are not able to make the handcraft.

Past: (was/were)+able to

  • He was able to swim when he was six
  • We were not able to pass the examination last week.
  • Was she able to dance when she was a child?

Future: (will be)+able to

  • He will be able to buy a new house next years.
  • Will you be able to perform drama next week?
  • They will not be able to pay the rent next month.

Contoh :

  1. I will be able to teach the children if they want. -> (aku dapat mengajari anak-anak jika mereka mau)
  2. They will be able to call you after dinner. -> (mereka akan dapat menelepon mu setelah makan malam)
  3. She will be able to forget you soon. -> (dia akan dapat melupakan mu secepatnya)
  4. Don’t worry, we will be able to meet again. -> (jangan khawatir, kita akan dapat bertemu lagi)
  5. I will be able to help you today. -> (aku akan dapat membantu mu hari ini)

Could
Could juga memiliki arti yang sama dengan can dan be able to yaitu dapat atau mampu. Namun, could lebih digunakan pada masa lampau. (For the past).

Contoh :

  1. She could eat while I took a bath (dia bisa makan ketika aku sedng mandi)
  2. They could invite you to the group (mereka dapat mengundang mu kedalam grup )
  3. I could remember you if you showed me your photo (aku dapat mengingatmu jika kamu menunjukan foto mu).
  4. Could you sleep well last night?

Untuk rumus kalimat negatif dari could adalah: could not/ Couldn’t.
Asking for capability

  • Can you…?
  • Can you go to…?
  • Are you good at…?
  • Is he able to…?
  • Are you able to…?
  • Are you capable of…?
  • Do you know how to…?
  • Do you think you can…?
  • Do you know anything about…?
  • Do you have the experience or ability to…?

Responding Ability

  • I can…
  • I am able to…
  • I know how to…
  • I feel capable of…
  • I might be able to…
  • (Yes), no problem…
  • I would I am able to…
  • I know something about…
  • I have the experience of…
  • I am pretty good at the job…
  • I would say I am capable of…
  • (I think) I have the qualification or experience or ability to…

Responding Disability

  • I cannot…
  • I am hopeless…
  • I am not good at…
  • I have no idea how…
  • I have no experience of…
  • No, I don’t know how to…
  • I don’t know anything about…
  • I am not sure I can/ know how to…
  • (I am afraid) I cannot cope (with)…
  • I would not know where to begin or start…
  • I don’t think I have qualification or experience or ability to…

Example:
Nadine: Hi Mary.
Mary: Oh, hi.
Nadine: How are you doing?
Mary: I’m doing alright. How about you?
Nadine: Not too bad. The weather is great isn’t it?
Mary: Yes. It’s absolutely beautiful today.
Nadine: I wish it was like this more frequently.
Mary: Me too.
Nadine: So where are you going now?
Mary: I’m going to meet a friend of mine at Batam Ballet Training.
Nadine: Going to do a little dancing?
Mary: Yeah, I have to perform a farewell party next week.
Nadine: It sounds nice, Are you capable of dancing?
Mary: I am pretty good at the dance.
Nadine: That’s great. Well, you better get going. You don’t want to be late.
Mary: I’ll see you next time.
Nadine: Sure. Bye.

Alhamdulillah, nah Buddy itulah penjelasan materi tentang Expression of ability. see u soon next materi willingness.. Stay tune yaa in this Blog. Semoga Bermanfaat, Thanks a lot .

Warm Regards
Alni Novianti Wijaya

Resources :

  • https://www.kuliahbahasainggris.com/
  • https://www.itapuih.com/
  • https://greatedu.co.id/

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